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Monday, August 10, 2020

Sexual Dysfunction

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What is Sexual Dysfunction?

Sexual dysfunction is/are the problem/s that a person may experience during any phase of the sexual response cycle. This prevents the person or the couple from experiencing any satisfaction from sexual activities. The different facets of the sexual response cycle include excitement, orgasm, plateau and resolution. Research has shown that about 43% of women and 31% of men suffer from some sort of sexual dysfunction.

Types of Sexual Dysfunction

There are 4 different types of sexual dysfunction. They are;

  1. Desire disorder which implies that a person has little or no interest in any kind of sexual activities
  2. Arousal disorder means when a person is emotionally ready for sex but the body refuses to cooperate
  3. Orgasm disorder occurs when a person is emotionally ready for sex but is not being able to reach climax
  4. Pain disorder means a person is experiencing pain during the act

Causes of Sexual Dysfunction

Some of the causes of sexual dysfunction may include stress, psychological issues, heart disease or other medical conditions, drug use, intake of alcohol and diabetes.

Sexual Dysfunction in Men

Sexual dysfunction in men can be a consequence of a physical or mental issues, including stress. The problems men may encounter include;

  1. Erectile dysfunction (ED): ED can be a cause of medications, for example, diabetes or hypertension, or by anxiety about engaging in sexual relations. Dejection, weariness, and anxiety can add to it.
  2. Ejaculation issues: These include untimely (discharge that happens too soon during intercourse) and the powerlessness to discharge by any means. The causes include medicines, like antidepressants, nervousness about sex, a past filled with sexual injury and trauma, (for example, an accomplice being unfaithful), and guilt.
  3. Low libido: Mental issues like anxiety and tension about engaging in sexual relations can prompt a diminished or no sexual craving. Diminished hormone levels (especially if testosterone is low), physical ailments, and pharmaceutical symptoms can lessen the testosterone.
Sexual Dysfunction in Women

In many cases, sexual dysfunction in women might include;

  1. Vaginal dryness: This can lead to issues with excitement and craving, as sex can be painful when the vagina is not lubricated. Vaginal dryness can come about because of hormonal changes that happen during and after menopause or while breastfeeding, for instance. Mental issues, similar to tension about sex, can also cause vaginal dryness.
  2. Low drive: Absence of sexual yearning can be created by lower levels of the hormone estrogen. Exhaustion, misery, and tension prompts low charisma.
  3. Trouble achieving orgasm: Failure to have an orgasm can influence both men and women. Once more, some stimulant drugs can likewise bring about a solution for these issues.
  4. Pain during sex: Known as vulvodynia or vulvar vestibulitis, and even vaginismus, these conditions can bring about spasms that lead to pain during intercourse.

Sexual Dysfunction Treatment Options

The treatment for sexual dysfunction in men can involve the use of oral medicines. Other treatments are mechanical methods like vacuum pumps and constriction rings, local therapies like suppositories and injections and surgical methods like penile implants. For women, there can be non-medical treatments like counseling, reverting to a healthy lifestyle, use of lubricants or devices like vibrators. Women with low sexual desire are often recommended a medicine called flibanserin. When female sexual dysfunction is linked to hormonal problems, estrogen therapy or androgen therapy is generally recommended.

  • Mechanical methods like the use of vacuum pumps help to treat sexual dysfunction in 50-75 % of the cases. The device is to be used by a man on his penis to expand it temporarily. This device is particularly useful for people with diabetes. Constriction rings are used to treat sexual disorder in those men who get an erection but fail to sustain it throughout the intercourse. This condition is called early detumescence and can be cured by placing a rubber ring at the base of the penis after erection.
  • Local therapies involve the use of pellets which are inserted into the tip of the penis with a pre-filled applicator. This therapy is mostly beneficial for people with diabetes. Another local therapy is the injection therapy whereby the shaft of the penis of the patient is injected with a drug which helps to produce an erection.
  • Penile implants are one of the oldest methods of treating erectile dysfunction in men. Some doctors may even go for vascular surgery to repair the blood vessels and increase the blood flow to the penis.
  • For females suffering from sexual dysfunction, healthy communication with her partner, healthy lifestyle habits, counseling or physical use of vaginal lubricants and use of devices that stimulate the clitoris are some of the non-medical treatment options. In women, sexual dysfunction treatment often involves the addressing of some medical condition or hormonal change. Treatment of sexual dysfunction due to hormonal changes can be done with estrogen therapy which involves use of vaginal ring, tablet or cream. Another method of treatment is androgen therapy which involves the use of testosterone.
Tips To Avoid Sexual Dysfunction

If you are encountering sexual health problems, raise your worries with your specialist. You can regularly redress your issue by;

  1. Getting the best possible treatment of any hidden therapeutic condition
  2. Speaking with your partner transparently about your sexual relationship
  3. Keeping away from liquor, smoking, and medication use
  4. Overseeing anxiety, uneasiness, and gloom
  5. If you think you are suffering from any other ailment, discuss with your specialist about therapy that can help you in such a case.
  6. Restorative treatment: This includes treatment of any physical issue that might add to a man’s sexual problems.
  7. Drugs: Medications, for example, Cialis, Levitra, Staxyn, Stendra, or Viagra may enhance erectile capacity in men by improving the blood stream to the penis.
  8. Mental treatment: Therapy with a prepared advisor can help address sentiments of uneasiness, apprehension, or blame.
  9. Education about sex and sexual practices and reactions may also help. If you wish to discuss about any specific sexual problem, you can consult a specilized sexologist and ask a free question.
Any Alternatives To The Treatment Sexual Dysfunction?

Women respond well to counseling sessions. Instead of going for hormone therapy or taking medications, a woman can talk to a counselor about how to enhance intimacy with her partner, how to optimize the body’s sexual response and what exercises to do. For men, Panax ginseng and Rhodiola rosea works well to treat erectile dysfunction. DHEA or dehydroepiandrosterone is a remedy for erectile dysfunction in men with concurrent diabetes. Acupuncture can also help to deal with sexual dysfunction.

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All material copyright healthcare nt sickcare. 2017 – 2020. Terms and conditions & Privacy Policy of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health providers with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Source: This article inspired from various online articles and own offline experiences. The content meant for public awareness and regular post to the clientele of healthcare nt sickcare.

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