Sunday, July 12, 2020

Urine Odor

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4 Healthy Urination Habits
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Urine Odor Reason

You are going about your day happily until you relieve yourself of strange smelly urine. Maybe it’s extra pungent or fishy, but having a weird smell emanating as you urinate can be freaky. There are some perfectly logical and totally harmless causes of urine odor. However, some causes may be more serious than the other.

10 Strong Urine Odor And Cloudy Reasons

  1. Dehydration – Staying hydrated is essential for proper body functions. By urinating, your body gets rid of body waste. Dehydration is one of the most common causes of smelly urine. If you are dehydrated, the colour of your urine will appear dark honey or brown with a strong pungent ammonia-like odour. When this happens, your body is telling you to re-hydrate with water and salt.
  2. Food – What you eat can sometimes be the cause of smelly urine. Foods such as asparagus, onions, garlic, brussels sprouts, cauliflower, alcohol and even coffee can cause changes to the colour and smell of urine. However, odour caused by food is nothing to be worried about.
  3. Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) – If you are taking frequent trips to the washroom, have a burning sensation as you pee, and your urine smells funny as well, the chances are that you may have a urinary tract infection. This is the result of bacteria entering the urinary tract; the bladder and the urethra. UTIs are common but can become serious. See a doctor if symptoms do not ease on their own as antibiotics may be necessary.
  4. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) – Diseases such as gonorrhoea, chancroid, chlamydia and trichomoniasis can cause urethritis – inflammation of the urethra. The inflammation can cause bacteria to build up, making your pee smelly. 
  5. Pre-diabetes or diabetes – If your urine smells sweet or fruity, you may be pre-diabetic or diabetic. When you have high blood sugar content, your body will get rid of it through urine, causing it to smell sweet. In diabetic and prediabetic condition, yeast flourishes giving rise to candidiasis – yeast infection. 
  6. Kidney stones – Does your pee smell like rotten eggs? This could be a sign of kidney stones. Cloudy may be red, pink or brown and the pungent smell is caused sulphur found in kidney stones. Kidney stones collect bacteria leading to infection and bleeding. 
  7. Vitamin B – Excess of Vitamin B complex causes smelly urine. Your body does not store Vitamin B beyond its requirement. If there is an excess of it then your body will flush it out. 
  8. Bladder fistula – Fistula is an abnormal connection between urinary bladder and intestine. When this happens bacteria from the intestines move into the bladder causing urine to smell of stool. This can cause recurrent UTIs. 
  9. Liver – Liver diseases can cause urine to smell of ammonia. The liver is responsible for flushing toxins out of our body similar to kidneys. Any kind of infection of the liver produces a high level of ammonia along with a pungent odour of urine. 
  10. Genetic conditions – Phenylketonuria, an incurable genetic condition that causes urine to smell musky. Another genetic disease is Maple syrup urine disease – it is a rare genetic condition where urine smells like maple syrup.

4 Healthy Urination Habits

The following are 4 good habits to keep your bladder healthy.

  1. Urinate five to seven times per day. If you aren’t going that much, then you need to drink more water.
  2. Only urinate when you really need to — not “just in case,” except before bedtime. Forced urination trains your bladder to hold less.
  3. Sit down instead of hovering over the toilet while urinating.
  4. Take your time and don’t push to get the urine out faster.

Make an appointment with your doctor if you have a strong or abnormal urine odor that lasts for more than two days or if you have symptoms such as:

These symptoms may be signs of diabetes, severe dehydration, or liver disease.

Author: Dr Suresh Agrawal, an alumnus of Seth G S Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, has been practicing in Colaba since 1981.

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