Wednesday, July 1, 2020

Prevent Prediabetes From Becoming Diabetes

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Tips For Children With Prediabetes
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Prevent Prediabetes From Becoming Diabetes

Prediabetes is a warning sign for diabetes.  In prediabetes, your blood sugar levels are higher than the normal, but still lower to be diagnosed as diabetes. Prediabetes is considered a major risk factor for diabetes.

What Are The Symptoms of Prediabetes?

Symptoms of diabetes and prediabetes are almost the same, as in both the conditions, sugar levels in the blood are on a higher side. Few of the early signs are:

  • Feeling hungry or thirsty more often
  • Weight loss or loss of appetite
  • An urge to pass urine most of the times
  • Fatigue and weakness

How to Prevent Prediabetes From Turning Into Diabetes?

You must know that having prediabetes can double your chances of getting type-2 diabetes later in life, but what you may not know is that prediabetes is reversible. By following these three simple lifestyle changes you can delay the progression of diabetes or even prevent its risk.

  1. Eat healthily: By eating a healthy and well-balanced diet, you can keep a check on your increased sugar levels. A well-balanced diet gives you all the essential nutrients, fiber, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, that help to regulate your metabolism, thus avoiding increased blood sugar levels. Avoid unhealthy, junk, and processed foods and focus more on eating grains, nuts, seeds, vegetables, and fruits.
  2. Adapt an active lifestyle: By including 30 minutes of physical activity in your daily routine for at least five times a week, you can reduce the chances of developing metabolic diseases like diabetes. It also helps to keep a check on your weight.
  3. Maintain a healthy weight: Being overweight or obese is itself a major cause of metabolic disorders. Studies say that by maintaining a healthy weight or losing 5-7% of your weight, the risk of developing type-2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed.
  4. Stop smoking: Smoking may up your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
  5. Take medications as needed: If you’re at high risk of diabetes, your doctor might recommend metformin (Glumetza, others). Medications to control cholesterol and high blood pressure might also be prescribed.

Lifestyle changes are the best and easiest ways to reverse prediabetes. Other than this, monitor your blood sugar levels and go for regular check-ups so that the condition can be diagnosed and treated at an early stage.

Tips For Children With Prediabetes

Children with prediabetes should undertake the lifestyle changes recommended for adults with type 2 diabetes, including:

  • Losing weight
  • Eating fewer refined carbohydrates and fats, and more fiber
  • Reducing portion sizes
  • Eating out less often
  • Spending at least one hour every day in physical activity

Medication generally isn’t recommended for children with prediabetes unless lifestyle changes aren’t improving blood sugar levels. If medication is needed, metformin (Glumetza, others) is usually the recommended drug.

Prediabetes Testing

  • Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test – This test shows your average blood sugar level for the past three months. The test measures the percentage of blood sugar attached to the oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells called hemoglobin. The higher your blood sugar levels, the more hemoglobin you’ll have with sugar attached.
  • Fasting blood sugar test – A blood sample is taken after you fast for at least eight hours or overnight.
  • Oral glucose tolerance test – This test is usually used to diagnose diabetes only during pregnancy. A blood sample is taken after you fast for at least eight hours or overnight. Then you’ll drink a sugary solution, and your blood sugar level will be measured again after two hours.

The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends that diabetes screening for most adults begin at age 45. The ADA advises diabetes screening before age 45 if you’re overweight and have additional risk factors for prediabetes or type 2 diabetes.

You May Also Interest To Read; Hormonal Imbalance test

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