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Monday, July 20, 2020

Hypertension During Pregnancy

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What Is Normal Blood Pressure During Pregnancy?
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Hypertension During Pregnancy

Are you experiencing high blood pressure or hypertension during pregnancy? Hypertension is a condition in which your blood pressure levels shoot up to a level, which may cause damage to the body. In the case of pregnant women, hypertension may inflict damage on both the mother and the growing baby. You require special care for dealing with hypertension during pregnancy, irrespective of the fact whether it develops before or after conception. Here are some important facts you ought to know about hypertension during pregnancy.

Types of Hypertension During Pregnancy

There are different types of high blood pressure issues caused during pregnancy.

  1. Gestational hypertension: Women with this form of hypertension have high blood pressure, which develops around 20 weeks of pregnancy. There is no sign of organ damage or the presence of protein in the urine. Many women with gestational hypertension develop preeclampsia eventually.
  2. Chronic hypertension: Chronic hypertension is the high blood pressure condition that is present before pregnancy or it may occur before 20 weeks of pregnancy. It is hard to determine high blood pressure as it does not have prominent symptoms.
  3. Chronic hypertension with superimposed preeclampsia: This condition is likely in women with chronic blood pressure being present from before pregnancy. During pregnancy, women with this condition develop worsening high blood pressure and protein content in the urine. Other health complications are also indicated.
  4. Preeclampsia: This is a pregnancy complication featured by high blood pressure along with signs of damage to other organs of the body. This happens from chronic high blood pressure and gestational hypertension. It usually sets in within 20 weeks of pregnancy. If untreated, preeclampsia can lead to several serious complications to the mother and the baby.

Hypertension During Pregnancy Causes

There are several possible causes of high blood pressure during pregnancy. These include;

  • being overweight or obese
  • not getting enough physical activity
  • smoking
  • drinking alcohol
  • first-time pregnancy
  • a family history of pregnancy-related hypertension
  • carrying more than one child
  • age (over 35)
  • assistive reproductive technology (such as in vitro fertilization, or IVF)
  • having diabetes or certain autoimmune diseases

Hypertension During Pregnancy Complications

High pressure during pregnancy is associated with several risks. They are as follows;

  1. Decreased flow of blood to the placenta: When the placenta does not receive sufficient blood, your baby will be deprived of enough oxygen and nutrients. This might cause slow growth, premature birth, or low birth weight in your baby. Prematurity also causes breathing trouble in the baby.
  2. Placental abruption: Preeclampsia increases the risk of placental abruption, where the placenta gets separated from the inner uterine wall before delivery. Severe cases of placental abruption lead to placenta damage and heavy bleeding.
  3. Premature delivery: In some cases, early delivery of the baby has to be carried out for preventing some life-threatening conditions.

For reducing the risk of complications caused by hypertension during pregnancy, it is important for you to consult a doctor regularly throughout pregnancy. You should take blood pressure medicines prescribed by a doctor in the most suitable dosage. You should also stay active, follow a healthy low sodium diet, and stay away from smoking, alcohol and substance abuse.

Check Blood Pressure During Pregnancy

A blood pressure reading is a fraction: your systolic blood pressure over your diastolic blood pressure. The top number is your systolic pressure, which is a measurement of the pressure on your arteries when the heart is beating or squeezing blood forward through your body. The diastolic pressure, or the lower number, is a measurement of the blood pressure in your arteries when the heart is at rest.

What Is Normal Blood Pressure During Pregnancy?

To determine what your “normal” blood pressure is during pregnancy, your doctor will likely take a baseline blood pressure measurement at your first visit. Then they will measure your blood pressure at every visit that follows. Normal blood pressure is anything less than 120/80 mm Hg.

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All material copyright healthcare nt sickcare. 2017 – 2020. Terms and conditions & Privacy Policy of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health providers with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Source: This article inspired from various online articles and own offline experiences. The content meant for public awareness and regular post to the clientele of healthcare nt sickcare.

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