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Monday, 21 May 2018

Do Not Spread Panic - Nipah Virus (NiV) Infection

Do Not Spread Panic - Nipah Virus (NiV) Infection


Nipah virus (NiV) infection is a newly emerging zoonosis that causes severe disease in both animals and humans. The natural host of the virus are fruit bats of the Pteropodidae Family, Pteropus genus.

NiV was first identified during an outbreak of disease that took place in Kampung Sungai Nipah, Malaysia in 1998. On this occasion, pigs were the intermediate hosts. However, in subsequent NiV outbreaks, there were no intermediate hosts. In Bangladesh in 2004, humans became infected with NiV as a result of consuming date palm sap that had been contaminated by infected fruit bats. Human-to-human transmission has also been documented, including in a hospital setting in India.
(Source WHO)

Symptoms :
Symptom of the infection include fever, headache, drowsiness, respiratory illness, disorientation and mental confusion. These signs and symptoms can progress to coma within 24-48 hours.
Prevention:
Nipah virus infection can be prevented by avoiding exposure to sick pigs and bats in endemic areas and not drinking raw date palm sap.This virus wont spread from pets.

DO NOT SPREAD PANIC THROUGH MESSAGES & EMAILS.INDIAN GOVT ADMINISTRATIONS ARE TAKING IMMEDIATE MEASURES AND CENTRAL GOVT HAS ALREADY APPOINTED A TEAM ON IT.


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